Jabbar Khan

Full Stack Web Developer

Order Management with SQL: Adding a Status Column

In the realm of database management, efficient tracking of the status of orders is paramount for any business. With SQL, the Structured Query Language, one can seamlessly incorporate functionalities to enhance order management systems. In this blog, we’ll explore how to add a “status” column to an existing “orders” table and automate its update based on certain conditions.

Introduction to the Task

Imagine a scenario where you have an “orders” table in your database schema. This table contains crucial information about orders placed by customers. However, it lacks a dedicated column to track the status of each order. To address this, we’ll use SQL to add a “status” column to the “orders” table. Additionally, we’ll set a default status of ‘PENDING’ for all new orders and update the status to ‘COMPLETE’ if the order has been fulfilled.

Adding the Status Column

Let’s begin by adding the “status” column to the “orders” table. We’ll use the ALTER TABLE statement to achieve this. Here’s the SQL query:


In this query:

  • ALTER TABLE orders specifies that we are modifying the structure of the “orders” table.
  • ADD COLUMN status VARCHAR(20) DEFAULT 'PENDING' adds a new column named “status” to the table. It’s of type VARCHAR with a length of 20 characters and a default value of ‘PENDING’.

Updating the Status

Now that we have added the “status” column, we need to update its values based on certain conditions. Specifically, we want to set the status to ‘COMPLETE’ for orders that have been fulfilled. To do this, we’ll use the UPDATE statement. Here’s the SQL query:

UPDATE orders
SET status = 'COMPLETE'
WHERE completed_at IS NOT NULL;

In this query:

  • UPDATE orders specifies the table we want to update.
  • SET status = 'COMPLETE' sets the value of the “status” column to ‘COMPLETE’.
  • WHERE completed_at IS NOT NULL filters the rows where the “completed_at” column is not NULL, indicating that the order has been fulfilled.


By executing these SQL queries, we have successfully enhanced the order management system by adding a “status” column to the “orders” table. This allows for better tracking and management of orders, providing valuable insights into their current state. Moreover, automating the update of the status simplifies the process and ensures data accuracy.

In the dynamic landscape of database management, such SQL operations play a crucial role in optimizing system functionality and improving overall business processes. With the right knowledge and tools, businesses can harness the power of SQL to streamline operations and drive success.

Order Management with SQL: Adding a Status Column

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to top